North Carolina One-Pager (State's Fuel Quality Regulation)
NC Dept of Agriculture & Consumer Services
  NCWM Region
  Primary Contact
Stephen Benjamin
  Last Modified 11/17/2014  
(919) 707-3226
  Fuel Authority
Statutory (enacted legislation); Regulatory (state regulations)
  Statutory/Regulatory Citation
Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses: Every school bus that is capable of operating on diesel fuel must be capable of operating on diesel fuel with a minimum content of 20% biodiesel (B20). Furthermore, at least 2% of the total volume of fuel purchased annually by local school districts statewide for use in diesel school buses must be a minimum of B20, to the extent that biodiesel blends are available and compatible with the technology of the vehicles and the equipment used. (Reference Senate Bill 1452, 2007, and North Carolina General Statutes 115C-240(c) and 115C-249(a))
  Fuels Currently Regulated
Diesel Fuel_yes; B100-Biodiesel_yes; Biodiesel-Blends_yes
  Fuel Specifications
B6-20_ASTM D7467; B1-B5_ASTM D975; B100_ASTM D6751; PetroDiesel_ASTM D975
  Other Specifications In regulation the specification for B99is the same as B100, D6751. NC must label actual percentage of biodiesel over 5%  
  If no spec - plan to adopt Regulations allow the use of the B6-20 specification D7467 but will work to formally adopt it.  
  Process to Adopt Specifications
Legislative Process; Administrative Rulemaking
  ASTM-Rev Adopted
automatic - incorporation of "most-current" revision
  Proactive Tests
Biodiesel (B100); Biodiesel Blends (Bxx)
  Reactive Test Circumstance
  Fuel Test Performed
-Water & Sediment; - Visual; - Cetane; - Glycerine; - Flash Point; - Density; - Sulfur; - Copper Strip; - Cloud Point / Pour Point; - % Biodiesel
  Where Sampled
Terminal / Blender; Retailer
  Where Tested
State's In-House Lab
Civil penalties, through consumer complaints, requests from stations, marketers or routine sampling and testing if a trend is seen in samples from a certain marketer, supplier or terminal.
  How to Report It can be considered a misdemeanor, but we rarely pursue this unless we believe there was intent to deceive. Usually we place a stop sale on the product and supervise the corrective action before sales can resume.
  Dispenser Labeling Product registration (fuel) is mandatory. Requirements are developed by the Department. Diesel fuel containing up to 5% biodiesel may be sold as Diesel and diesel containing more than 5% and up to 20% biodiesel may be sold as Bxx Biodiesel Blend, where xx is the percentage of biodiesel in the blend. Blends containing more than 20% Biodiesel may also be sold as Bxx Biodiesel Blend, where xx is the percentage of biodiesel in the blend. FTC and EPA decals are not specifically required.
  Tank Labeling